Are the plants below herbaceous ? if they were they should come under the # 45 - 1 of the Annex IV of the EU directive concerning plant protection. In the opinion of the french phytosanitary administration ( but not of its European counterparts ) in May 2012 these plants are herbaceous, hence a phytosanitary certificate that would accompany the shipment would be wrongly issued if it did not refer to the # 45 - 1 ( - and plants would be rejected or blocked until reception of a new certificate issued in the sender's country - )
However in Thailand the phytosanitary services don't deem these plants to be herbaceous as they understand " herbaceous " as defined for instance by Wikipedia :
" A herbaceous plant (in botanical use simply herb) is a plant that has leaves and stems that die down at the end of the growing season to the soil level. They have no persistent woody stem above ground. Herbaceous plants may be annuals, biennials or perennials... "
Obviously none of the plants below are herbaceous according to this common definition ( further, bulbs corns, rhizome and tubers of herbaceous plants are not concerned ). For this reason in May 2012 exporters' requests are denied that reference be made to the # 45 - 1 in the certificate.
In May 2012 the plant trade with France is still affected by a lack of common understanding on basic botanical terms, which incurs losses to businesses of all sizes; lack of access to the legal texts applying by phytosanitary services in charge of the issuance of the certificates, lack of basic communication and coordination with counterparts, administrative layers.
CANANGA ODORATA VAR. FRUTICOSUM
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